Trademark registration in Cyprus

Updated: February 14, 2024

A trademark is a valuable corporate intellectual property asset. Based on it, buyers can distinguish goods or services from different suppliers. In Cyprus, individuals and companies, including foreign ones, can apply for trademark registration.

What is a trademark in terms of Cypriot law?

In Cyprus, the central normative regulators for trademark registration are the Trademark Law as amended in 2006 and the Control of Goods Infringing the Movement of Intellectual Property Rights Law of 2018.

Cypriot law defines a trademark as a mark that can be replicated in various ways. For example, the following elements are used for its creation:

  • names of people;
  • letters;
  • digits;
  • the form of a package or product;
  • geometric or mathematical symbols.

A trademark can be a single form or a combination of symbols. The primary purpose of a trademark is to represent a product or service. A trademark is a valuable commercial asset that can be transferred, sold, or assigned to a new owner.

A trademark does not protect either the appearance of a product or invention. For this purpose, there are other forms of copyright, for example, an industrial design or a patent.

A trademark is protected exclusively within the jurisdiction in which it was registered. Therefore, additional procedures are required if you register a trademark outside Cyprus.

Types of trademarks

Rolex logo on the clock

There are 11 enacted types of trademarks:

  • Verbal: contains words, letters, or digits in a standard font in the form of a layout without typographic or coloured elements. For example, the trademarks of "Phillips" or "Sony".
  • Illustrative: contains non-standard symbols, stylistic font or layout, graphic elements, or colour. These marks can consist solely of visual/graphic elements or represent a combination of verbal and graphic symbols. For example, the trademark of "Lacoste".
  • Volumetric: a three-dimensional object, which usually represents the shape, container, or packaging of the product. For example, a signature bottle of Coca-Cola is a trademark.
  • Positional: characterized by a certain way of placing the mark on the product.
  • Pattern: consists solely of a set of elements that repeat regularly.
  • Colour: consists of a specific colour shade or colour combination.
  • Audio: consists of sounds or their combinations. For example, a signature ringtone of Nokia phones.
  • Audiovisual: consists of a combination of picture and sound.
  • Holographic: a trademark in a stereo image video.
  • Certified seal: distinguishes between goods or services certified by a trademark owner in terms of materials, the way the products or services are manufactured, quality, accuracy, or other characteristics.
  • Collaborative: refers to goods or services produced by an association of individuals or companies and share common features.

How to check which trademarks are no longer available

Before registering a trademark in Cyprus, you must ensure it is unique. To do this, you can use national and international registries.

The Register of National Trademarks is an electronic archive of registered national trademarks in Cyprus.

TMview is the official register of the European Union Intellectual Property Office.

eSearch Plus is a European trademark register.

The International Trademark Registry is a database of the World Intellectual Property Organization.

WIPO Madrid Monitor is a register of trademarks registered in the Madrid Registry System.

Official Gazette of the Republic of Cyprus: search for publications in the intellectual and industrial property section.

How to register a trademark in Cyprus

Submission of the application and payment

Once you are confident that your trademark meets all the requirements and is unique, you can apply to the Intellectual and Industrial Property Office by filling out Form ES 02 via electronic form, by mail, or in person.

The application must be accompanied by:

  • a description of the mark and the product it will represent;
  • graphic representation of the trademark;
  • a receipt for payment of the registration fee;
  • Power of attorney when applying through a proxy.

How much does it cost to register a trademark in Cyprus:

Type of fee

Application in person or by mail

Via an electronic form

Basic fee

EUR 141

EUR 129

Additional fee for each class of goods or services

EUR 102

EUR 94

Fee for certification or collective trademark

EUR 443

EUR 415

Extra cost for each class of goods or services

EUR 128

EUR 116

Upon receipt of your application, the Intellectual and Industrial Property Office must verify that the registration conditions have been met; after that, you will get the registration number.

Examination of the application

The application is checked for compliance with the legal requirements for information, data, and documents in a formal examination. In case of violation, the applicant has 2 months to revise the application. If the deadline for revision is missed, the application is cancelled.

After that, the Department proceeds to the substantive examination of the application. At this stage, the trademark is checked for absolute reasons for refusing registration. For example, such a reason can be the lack of unique characteristics or similarities with already registered trademarks.

Hearing in case of conflict

If the examination shows that the application contains one or more reasons for rejection, you have up to 2 months to:

  • withdraw your application;
  • limit the degree of trademark protection;
  • submit comments on the Division's objections via electronic form, in person, or by mail.

The Sector will review your comments or other actions and decide on the acceptance or rejection of your application. You can appeal the experts' decision to the Administrative Court.

Final decision

When the Division is satisfied that all conditions are met, it proceeds to register the application and publish it in the Official Gazette of the Cyprus Republic. If you detect apparent errors in the publication of your trademark application, you can request a correction. No fee is charged for such requests.

Trademarks in Cyprus are valid for ten years from the initial registration date and can be renewed for 10 years after the first 10 years.

Reasons for the refusal of registration

Cypriot law provides for absolute and corresponding reasons for denial of registration.

The absolute ones include:

  • a trademark contains an indication of the type, quality, quantity, destination, cost, geographical origin or time of production of goods or provision of services;
  • a trademark has become common in colloquial or established trading practices;
  • a mark consists exclusively of the shape of the product;
  • a mark is contrary to public policy or moral values;
  • a trademark may mislead the public regarding the nature, quality, or geographic origin of a product or service;
  • a mark contains a crest, flag, or other emblems of the countries of the European Union without the permission of the competent authorities or a symbol, emblem, crest, or mark of religious significance;
  • a mark is contrary to the legislation on the protection of designations of origin and geographical indications, traditional wine terms, and guaranteed traditional unique products;
  • an application for registration was filed by an applicant in bad faith.

The corresponding reasons relate to cases where a trademark corresponds to an already registered trademark or has similar features. This implies that it can mislead potential buyers.

Frequently asked questions

How long are trademarks valid in Cyprus after initial registration?

In Cyprus, a trademark is valid for ten years from the date of application. It can then be renewed every ten years on application. You apply during the final six months in any ten years.

How do I register a trademark in Cyprus?

To register a trademark in Cyprus, apply to the Registrar of Companies and Intellectual Property using form Ε.Σ. Αρ. 2 (E.S. 02). The procedure must be done through a lawyer. Your application will get a registration number, and the Registrar will do a preliminary examination. Then, the Registrar will proceed to the substantive examination on criteria like registrability, distinguishability, and originality. The Registrar will issue a decision, and if approved, the trademark will be published in the Official Government Gazette. A certificate of registration is issued upon payment of a fee. The application form is available at https://www.intellectualproperty.gov.cy/assets/modules/wgp/articles/201909/788/docs/es2.pdf.

How do I register a copyright in Cyprus?

A copyright does not have to be registered. Copyrights exist automatically when a work takes material form. Anyone who copies and distributes the work or uses it commercially without permission commits an offence and may face fines or imprisonment.

What are the Cyprus trademark registration requirements?

The Registrar will examine the trademark application against absolute and relative grounds for rejection. Absolute grounds relate to inherent qualities of the trademark, like lack of valid signs, distinguishability, or conflict with public order. Relative grounds involve conflicts with existing rights, such as similarities with existing trademarks, famous trademarks, or bad faith applications. Detailed criteria include issues with state signs, religious symbols, names of origin, and existing rights to name, personality, copyright, or industrial design.

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